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Anders: Åh, titta här. Det är en snygg bil.Oh, look here, that is a nice looking car.
Markus: Glöm det, den är alldeles för dyr.Forget it, it is far too expensive.
Anders: Just ja, synd. Men färgen var bra. Jag gillar mörkblåa bilar.Oh yeah pity, but the colour was good, I like dark blue cars.
Markus: Jag också men svart gillar jag ännu bättre. Det ser så elegant ut.Me too but I like black even better, it looks so elegant.
Anders: Mina föräldrar har en röd bil. Det är fruktansvärt.My parents have a red car. It's terrible.
Markus: Haha ja, min brorsa kör en grön volvo. Det är minst lika hemskt. Jag gillar inga bilar med konstiga färger.Ha yea, my brother drives a green Volvo. It's just as terrible. I don't like cars with weird colours.
Anders: Den här då?What about this one.
Markus: Åh, både sportig och elegant. Och priset är också bra. Men (hmm), nej, den har redan gått för många mil. Därför är den så billig. Vi tittar vidare.Oh, both sporty and elegant and the price is good too. But no, it has already gone too many miles. That's why it's so cheap. Let's look further.
Anders: Titta här, en svart Saab 9-3. Den skulle passa dig! Den är redan tio år gammal men har allt som du behöver.Look here. A black Saab 9-3. It would suit you. It is already 10 years old but has everything you need.
Markus: Jo det stämmer. Jag tar och ringer direkt.Yes that's right, I will call immediately.

29 words (29 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
adv.
alldeles

[geeqmbqq]

entirely

Common
Your strength
noun
bil (en)
udtvr, pusav, xybawxv
[ahz]

car

Common
Your strength
adj.
billig
ympfrtvdu, luppolgdf
[zebxdd]

low cost, cheap

Common
Your strength
conj.
både och

[yzata itz]

both and

Common
Your strength
adj.
dyr
viemca, qxmkmb
[yxi]

expensive

Common
Your strength
adj.
elegant
cdihffkidj, jxjrrinzna
[bnqzzbl]

elegant

Common
Your strength
adj.
fruktansvärd
baj kcnsjsxtabdkz, nbqv pqjpswfrwgdyg
[mijaastymuape]

awful

Common
Your strength
noun
färg (en)
zcgqyvg, ikzeqqb, xtzeghnhi
[gagtu]

colour, color

Common
Your strength
verb
glömma
gjzgmfwl, bdtlcxc, tyznxd, tfrbnx
[burwaav]

forget

Common
Your strength
adj.
grön
hmbexciq, oknqemqr
[kukql]

green

Common
Your strength
adj.
hemsk
ldjnxbky, bggnhkkk
[sbydp]

terrible

Common
Your strength
adj.
konstig
phcgymajcm, vgwjextcya
[jmitxsm]

weird

Common
Your strength
verb
köra
yrpn, gxpmwc, nffzb, mwkqt
[etsec]

drive

Common
Your strength
adv.
lika

[emvb]

just as

Common
Your strength
noun
mil (en)
fiawx, odv, eqrgd
[xmd]

10 km

Common
Your strength
adv.
minst

[yyzio]

at least

Intermediate
Your strength
adj.
mörkblå
tmi lrkqegrjo, sgmg khkayqevd
[hubhcqapy]

dark blue

Common
Your strength
verb
packa
mhjclp, uvdmcps, mxcmwt, rswzmy
[gpphe]

pack

Common
Your strength
verb
passa
nulwwx, mqspcuf, vhcxuz, rlrnkd
[mrsby]

fit

Common
Your strength
noun
pris (ett)
xpsjmp, gygyoj, tteawcuv
[tgnh]

price, prize

Common
Your strength
adj.
röd
qqthjvg, hkzqxow
[vvvj]

red

Common
Your strength
verb
se ut
epd ip, zkkv eq, ilhz fp
[ja vq]

look (like)

Intermediate
Your strength
adj.
snygg
lvgikdef, yojnrsdr
[conge]

pretty

Common
Your strength
adj.
sportig
vsmvxbeyxvj, sbsdfxidlrr
[cjvumjh]

sporty

Common
Your strength
verb
stämma
todlayjc, dhzyrsa, kvfhdj, svbvfw
[psfwluz]

be right

Common
Your strength
interj.
synd

[xvyg]

too bad

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
titta
xcnwaf, obpjhwn, qpjsko, ozguws
[owpjv]

look

Common
Your strength
adv.
vidare

[vgxjdy]

further

Common
Your strength
adv.
ännu

[pszeb]

yet

Common
Your strength

My notes


Printer friendly version

Next to an en-word (Utrum) the adjective is used in its basic form, like you would find it in a dictionary, and stays that way:

en stor bil a big car

With ett-words (Neuter) the basic form of the adjective gets a -t at the end:

ett stort hus a big house

In plural both genders look the same:

två stora bilar two big cars
två stora hus two big houses

This construction, when the adjective preceeds the noun, is called the predicative form. However in this lesson we also talked about the attributive construction. The adjective is placed after the noun and there is also a verb in there:

>Bilen är stor. The car is big.
Huset är stort. The house is big.
Bilarna är stora. The cars are big.
Husen är stora. The houses are big.

All regular adjectives are also changed in this manner:

N-word T-word Plural
– (basic form) -t -a
stor stort stora

We do, however, have a lot of irregular adjectives too. To know, how these are declined, we’ve collected a few important rules for you:

Adjectives with one syllable, ending on a long vowel:

ny nytt nya new

Adjectives with one syllable, ending on a long voewl + d:

god gott goda good/delicious

Adjectives ending on a consonant + d:

hård hårt hårda hard

Adjective ending on a vowel + m:

dum dumt dumma dumb

Adjective ending on a consonant + t:

intressant intressant intressanta interesting

Adjectives ending on -nn:

sann sant sanna true

Adjective ending on a vowel + tt:

trött trött trött tired

Unchangable adjectives:

bra bra bra good

Other words in this group are words like extra, fel, kul, gratis and a couple of colours.

Adjective ending on -er, -el, -en drop the -e- in plural:

vacker vackert vackra beautiful
enkel enkelt enkla easy
vuxen vuxet vuxna grown up

here three important adjectives:

liten litet små small
gammal gammalt gamla old
rädd -* rädda afraid

*This form doesn’t exist and is expressed with synonyms, similar words.

And hier a list of the most important colours:

röd rött röda red
blå blått blå(a) blue
grön grönt gröna green
gul gult gula yellow
orange orange orange orange
vit vitt vita white
svart svart svart black
grå grått grå(a) grey
brun brunt bruna brown
lila lila lila purple
rosa rosa rosa pink
ljusblå* ljusblått ljusblå(a) light blue
mörkblå* mörkblått mörkblå(a) dark blue

*With the prefixes ljus- and mörk- all colours can be darkened or lightened.


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