Anders: Jag vill ha chips till filmen. Ska du ha nÄgot frÄn affÀren?I want chips for the movie. Do you want something from the store?
Markus: Kan jag följa med?May I come with?
Anders: Det brukar du ju aldrig.You never do that.
Markus: Jag mÄste komma ut. Jag har inte varit ute pÄ tvÄ dagar. FÄr jag vÀlja film?I need to get out. I haven't been outside for 2 days. Can I choose the movie?
Anders: Du bör vÀlja film. Du vill aldrig se mina förslag.You should choose the movie. You never want to watch my suggestions.
12 words (12 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
brukaverbgbwluk, klypuip, jngvqi
[ekqal]
do frequently
böraverbfyxs, fxzmy, vysf
[idexy]
The perfect and plusquamperfect forms are uncommon.should
fÄverbnmhb, tcrb, hbrim, wgkpm
[hpz]
get, be allowed to
följa medverbglxzrfd vdb, ipjjjma ktc, ccpyia ovh, duoornfxr
[aasjqc sao]
follow, come with, join
förslag (ett)nountkiwnklltl, aotdjisb, vxynyzfiqh
[aqwuaeqn]
proposition, suggestion
komma utverboczhna wh, dfp wg, lufyse ea
[umbki wl]
come out, get out
kunnaverbmmz, bozjc, zfjdlz
[zsktx]
can, may
mÄsteverbimcnnx, zpihlu, txtvm
[teptjz]
Infinite form is missing. Construction with have almost never used.must
skolaverbxvywn/jql, sdofql, efumro
[gpibb]
must, be going to, want, shall
uteadv.
[cfr]
outside
viljaverbvpqs, kopyy, fkqjy, vzkaf
[emwts]
want
vÀljaverblbtndze, zovrz, jhxi, mhyw
[guwqub]
choose

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Auxiliary verbs

These verbs mostly stand together with other verbs without using the infinite particle att to connect them.

Example:
Kan du lÀsa?
Can you read?

The auxiliary verb here (kan, can) is conjugated and the next verb (lÀsa, read) is in its infinite form and without att (to).

This kind of verb could also stand on its own like the following example shows.

Example:
Kan du svenska?
Can you (do you know) Swedish?

All auxiliary verbs are irregular. In the table below you find all forms:

Infinite Present tense Simple past English
kunna kan kunde can, could, may
vilja vill ville want
fÄ fÄr fick may, be allowed to
skola ska(ll) skulle should, will
böra* bör borde should
mÄste mÄste** must, have to

*opposed to ska, this word is rather used when you want to advice someone to do something. Ska works more like an order, a strong statement, that you might use with your children.

**Since all forms are the same, vara tvungen (to be forced to/to have to) is mostly used as a substitute when talking in past tense.

Example sentences

Joakim kan spela piano. Joakim can play the piano.
Kan jag komma in? Could/can/may I come in?
Jag vill Äka hem nu. I want to go home now.
FÄr jag följa med? May I come with?
Du fÄr prata lite mindre. You must/have to/need to talk a bit less.
Du ska inte stoppa köttbullar i nĂ€san. You mustn’t/shouldn’t put meat balls into your nose.
I kvÀll ska vi gÄ pÄ bio. We are going to go to the movies tonight.
Du bör klÀ pÄ dig innan du gÄr ut. You should get dressed before you go out.
Borde du inte vara i skolan nu? Shouldn’t you be in school right now?
Du mÄste tvÀtta hÀnderna före maten. You must/have to wash your hands before dinner/lunch.
Jag var tvungen att slÀnga maten. I had to throw away the food.

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