Markus: Hur lÄng tid tar det egentligen?How long does it really take?
Anders: Med flyg gÄr det snabbt. Det tar bara nÄgon timme.It goes quickly by plane. It takes only an hour or so.
Markus: Jaha! Jag trodde att man behövde Äka lÀnge för att komma fram dit.Ok! I thought you had to go for a long time to get there.
Anders: Nej dÄ. Synd att du mÄste stanna hemma. Det blir nog roligt dÀr. Det första jag ska göra nÀr jag Àr framme Àr att Äka dubbeldÀckare. Det Àr coolt.No. Too bad you have to stay at home. I think it's going to be fun there. The first thing I'm going to do is to ride a double decker. That's cool.
12 words (12 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
brukaverbjomkss, snldzsp, pyfqen
[qkbjy]
do frequently
böraverbtimd, gkdqy, qbrj
[teuxe]
The perfect and plusquamperfect forms are uncommon.should
fÄverbmmtl, rkpf, azgkx, zskdz
[uhq]
get, be allowed to
följa medverbtyrkhlp ciu, ovoznyp szo, yjmycw cbr, jrlijwpum
[rdggyu gls]
follow, come with, join
förslag (ett)nounvdskcbwads, cfkmwvvg, rkbdcejjce
[pnwlrovt]
proposition, suggestion
komma utverbqrutjx yu, kvp fb, gpcksh tb
[jxrxu cp]
come out, get out
kunnaverbjxi, apdtz, astkni
[ppofs]
can, may
mÄsteverbyyzsaj, qrhltw, vrevg
[iofihy]
Infinite form is missing. Construction with have almost never used.must
skolaverbtugjk/vpd, undnnm, detpyp
[kpufw]
must, be going to, want, shall
uteadv.
[cuc]
outside
viljaverblbae, whngd, ckyqn, ldapi
[tegjp]
want
vÀljaverbweuthpv, sqwxm, dlth, ndfe
[rrirgq]
choose

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Adverbs

The word adverb is Latin and means “standing by the verb”. Adverbs describe things a bit further, in particular actions or happenings which you can ask for with hur, how.

Example:
I run quickly. → How do I run? Quickly.

Adverbs can, opposite what the word means, describe adjectives, other adverbs, and even whole sentences.

Example:
You are very kind. → How kind are you? Very.

How to construct adverbs

A lot of adverbs have their origin in an adjective. To construct an adverb in Swedish, we just add a -t to an adjective which basically is the same as the neuter form of the word. All irregularities that might occur are transferred to the adverb as well, so that you don’t need to learn a bunch of new things. Check out lesson 9 again to recap the adjectives.

Example:
The adverb gott originates in the adjective god.

Important endings

Ending Adjective Adverb English
-t lÄngsam lÄngsamt slow / slowly
-en* verklig verkligen real / really
-vis** lycklig lyckligtvis happy / luckily
-lunda annorlunda differently
-stans nÄgonstans somewhere

*It’s common for adjectives ending on -lig to get this ending.

**This ending is added to the neuter form of the adjective which ends on -t. Nouns can also get this ending and turn into adverbs (e.g. tid > tidvis, at times).

Comparison of adverbs

Most adverbs are unchanged but some can be compared like adjectives. Can you remember how it goes? The word gets the ending -are in stage 1 and -ast in stage 2 (recap lesson 18). The adverb loses the ending -t when compared like this.

Part of speech Stage 1 Stage 2
Adjective snabb snabbare snabbast
Adverb snabbt snabbare snabbast

Important irregular adverbs

Stage 1 Stage 2 English
bra / vÀl bÀttre bÀst good / well
gĂ€rna hellre hellst willingly / I don’t mind
illa / dÄligt sÀmre sÀmst bad
illa / dÄligt vÀrre vÀrst bad
lÀnge lÀngre lÀngst long
lite(t) mindre minst small / less
mycket mer mest much / very
nÀra nÀrmare nÀrmast close

Adverbs of time

aldrig never nyligen newly
alltid always ofta often
flera gÄnger several times redan already
fortfarande still samtidigt at the same time
först firstly

slutligen finally
ibland sometimes snart soon
idag today strax in a minute / soon
igÄr yesterday sÄ smÄningom eventually
just just sÀllan rarely
nu now varje gÄng every time
nuförtiden nowadays Àntligen finally

Adverbs of place

These adverbs describe where something happens. They mostly have two variations, one describing where something happens and one for where something is going. To create the form describing an idle state, you take the form for directions and add a -e or -a.

Direction Idle state
(Jag gĂ„r) in. (I’m going) in. (Jag Ă€r) inne. (I’m) inside.
(Jag gĂ„r) ut. (I’m going) out. (Jag Ă€r) ute. (I’m) outside.
(Jag gĂ„r) upp. (I’m going) up(stairs). (Jag Ă€r) uppe. (I’m) up(stairs).
(Jag gĂ„r) ned/ner. (I’m going) down(stairs). (Jag Ă€r) nere. (I’m) down(stairs).
(Jag Ă„ker) bort. (I’m going) away. (Jag Ă€r) borta. (I’m) gone/away.
(Jag gĂ„r) hem. (I’m going) home. (Jag Ă€r) hemma. (I’m) (at) home.
(Kom) fram! (Come) to the front! (Show yourself!) (Jag Ă€r) framme. (I’m) in the front. (I’m there)

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