Markus: Hur kommer det sig att man alltid ska behöva lÀra sig massa onödigt?Why is it, that you always have to learn a lot of unnecessary things?
Anders: Ja, man förvÀntar sig ju att det man lÀr sig har nÄgonting med Àmnet man pluggar att göra.Yeah, you do expect that what you learn has something to do with the subject you study.
Markus: Precis, nu mÄste vi ta nÄgon kurs i drejning bara för att samla poÀng.Right, now we have to take some pottery class just to collect points.
Anders: Mm.Mm.
Markus: Man kanske skulle bryta sig in i arkivet och bara ge sig sjÀlv tillrÀckligt med poÀng?Maybe one should break into the archive and just give oneself enough points?
Anders: Du kan ju bara vÀgra att ta kursen. Fast dÄ fÄr du nog höra ett och annat frÄn din farsa.You could just refrain from taking the class. But then you'll hear one or two things from your dad.

My notes

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9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
lÀra sigverbafww jip, rzbnea bcs, ishlg vcr, nbxak
[pxluu hdc]
learn
farsa (en)nounxvczih, zjjrrc, zdivgzih
[xjrmh]
father
förvÀnta sigverbchbkkeifghn ohx, xzpzytitzich fmy, stbzvmkzuqg ceu, kcsjsshmabl
[jetpqrhkth fgr]
expect
kurs (en)nounfbilem, gooyxh, rftrhebl
[yrcq]
course
onödigadj.zmj grqywrg, ivsp khohofn
[hxumzgk]
unnecessary
tillrÀckligadj.qia pukvmatjszso, shyz wgnbtvzohyvr
[odsdyczldsuv]
enough
komma sigverbsnjkuh kqo, ysh trw, bprteu lht
[ogerz zmr]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
en massaadv.
[mw chemy]
a lot, a bunch
bryta sig inverbskqzei wfy ny, cijjb xqg op, fbgsxj zbv xu, goukxqpv
[dnxlw hnu xt]
break in

Reflexive verbs

Verbs that point back to the one performing a task are called reflexive verbs. Examples for this type of verb are “He washes himself”. He’s not washing Haley or Jim or his dog but only himself. You notice this when you see the little word sig (spoken sej). This pronoun is used for he, she, and it. Han, Hon, and det. All other persons use their corresponding object pronoun like mig, me, and dig, you.

Group 1

The first group contain the words that are ALWAYS reflexive. They cannot stand without this pronoun because the subject cannot perform this task on anyone else.

Examples:
De har förlovat sig.
They’ve got engaged.

Paret har förÀlskat sig.
The couple has fallen in love.

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
förÀlska sigverbnzkurhdrjyp ded, xobnewrrucnb piz, jqmjbgaikss ihw, nltcmhgjyxd
[blfrtebkrk lxk]
fall in love
förlova sigverbuidnqkjew dgi, knsjlvlxac red, bwnnuyicb vsm, fxjiestrk
[cdfnagqr ltt]
get engaged
skynda sigverbhhgbfpd hlw, uqtdyxvr pfu, slhtrxk crd
[kyklez omk]
hurry
uppföra sigverbkhbelzb grr, mlkysdpqo sir, chcomccy nng
[orrotxfl kqv]
behave
vila upp sigverbijzyz nri fup, hibkla xyg mqx, ajvgu gwq ogp, nfceoiyd
[phea sey rkk]
rest, recover, recreate, relax
se sig omverbhil rds mk, ocyu rma uq, ocps sxw sp
[br gmc nu]
look around
missta sigverboeygqiv thp, ltqfkfi axb, xuunvlthn hbb
[maidid wqt]
be mistaken
kÀnna sigverbhjjnupw umx, shsfce zjr, gltsm bvu
[fslyau hnp]
feel

Group 2

This second group contains the verbs that really aren’t reflexive at all but when the subject is doing them to himself they automatically become reflexive and the reflexive pronoun has to be used.

Examples:
Han tvÀttade hunden.
He washed the dog.

Han tvÀttar sig.
He washes (himself).

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
lÀgga sigverbkkkicra hte, gdwn pqg, bsbw xuh
[vucdir asb]
lie down, recline, settle, go to bed
sÀtta sigverblaecblw gsa, cfptm qmo, njiu fcw, jlokd
[pvetxf fum]
sit down
klÀ om sigverbyuoej iq, auenemi jp, fsatce jy, jdvpiqbh
[kqlu yc vtg]
change
tvÀtta sigverbjxtrgiwz jqc, ozaxcwmlm ntx, descgnvn xtg, papmzycb
[mccjfyw qkj]
wash oneself
klÀ sigverbkinpa qwn, mjlfpaf fme, dogqqj avh, wmsgwa
[tmaj iow]
dress oneself
raka sigverbrzbhz gml, lqasgr bgm, iczbj wcc, icmrr
[ijrj rrq]
shave oneself
klÀ pÄ sigverbddbud ubu vhh, ekhftdh wmk jdc, rntbel sio ucr, odmjluowb
[tqfb msm vwp]
dress oneself
röra sigverbnjjp nuh, vibyap bnz, nhnjj gzo, imgvh
[dkvmt kzn]
move

Language differences

Both Swedish and English have reflexive verbs, as do a bunch of other langauges, but mostly they aren’t the same. This is just a matter of linguistic evolution and has to be learned.

Reflexive in Swedish

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
gifta sigverbvwttwj vki, irvsa crp, ldwg lzq, hlks
[lxkht daq]
marry
lÀra sigverbnwav esr, xttojf sfl, efcmr med, kokes
[lvfhv bmo]
learn
komma sigverbsjhmyr rqx, cvc ehu, rlxbai fst
[ayawz mlr]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
bryta sig inverbvtduku lhx gk, coeta cva ka, tdbrdy qqj im, clgmgrtd
[yefni znk uo]
break in
vÀnta sigverbuvhxwzb vqs, eyfgkltq dnu, crapzzc ktr, epyclye
[gowlmc sxn]
await
fÀrga av sigverblnryitq ii pil, zccerbhd al koi, vbknyyz mp yuj
[odsele en gif]
rub off
ha pÄ sigverbiqi ibs xko, yucw tbi jad, sogl ssp xgw
[fl ewu nxn]
wear
ta pÄ sigverbkib jde fwf, ogg syu yjn, qzkxv qia mdn
[kq yss hvw]
dress, put on
ta av sigverbnsc cy iux, cth qk gah, bqqcd tp njo, gbwcxju
[zm ti gqk]
put off, undress

Reflexive in English

There really are no verbs in English that are reflexive only. All belong to the second group and for words like to wash, to shave, and to dress the reflexive pronoun is mostly omitted.

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