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Markus: Hur kommer det sig att man alltid ska behöva lära sig massa onödigt?Why is it, that you always have to learn a lot of unnecessary things?
Anders: Ja, man förväntar sig ju att det man lär sig har någonting med ämnet man pluggar att göra.Yeah, you do expect that what you learn has something to do with the subject you study.
Markus: Precis, nu måste vi ta någon kurs i drejning bara för att samla poäng.Right, now we have to take some pottery class just to collect points.
Anders: Mm.Mm.
Markus: Man kanske skulle bryta sig in i arkivet och bara ge sig själv tillräckligt med poäng?Maybe one should break into the archive and just give oneself enough points?
Anders: Du kan ju bara vägra att ta kursen. Fast då får du nog höra ett och annat från din farsa.You could just refrain from taking the class. But then you'll hear one or two things from your dad.

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9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
verb
lära sig
djjq jqr, mbpuhn ezp, hdqxn mus, qysww
[iszsc qcs]

learn

Common
Your strength
noun
farsa (en)
iouyjc, lobbvf, rssdnltm
[dqimi]

father

Common
Your strength
verb
förvänta sig
iflyhdhwyff aqt, crphjizmwlgi owr, bfzgqyoufkt kpt, bjwtzdchdpe
[ovmdseexdl oca]

expect

Intermediate
Your strength
noun
kurs (en)
ihkbsa, vukrnj, vprzfvna
[irsm]

course

Common
Your strength
adj.
onödig
wqp heshnzs, pssl mcdzmyp
[dxuylvh]

unnecessary

Common
Your strength
adj.
tillräcklig
cnt ydjgibovbhkt, zvgc ygoxvsvqrhly
[kzridaplcehd]

enough

Common
Your strength
verb
komma sig
lsxlod nnj, ckf ugw, lnijxh bgl
[bwxea eil]

Hur kommer det sig - How can it be

can be

Intermediate
Your strength
adv.
en massa

[wg wljky]

a lot, a bunch

Common
Your strength
verb
bryta sig in
tmjzgp vrd eb, amchx edv id, zrpwxl hhv gb, ipaofwgi
[bhjnk qko tf]

break in

Common
Your strength

Reflexive verbs

Verbs that point back to the one performing a task are called reflexive verbs. Examples for this type of verb are “He washes himself”. He’s not washing Haley or Jim or his dog but only himself. You notice this when you see the little word sig (spoken sej). This pronoun is used for he, she, and it. Han, Hon, and det. All other persons use their corresponding object pronoun like mig, me, and dig, you.

Group 1

The first group contain the words that are ALWAYS reflexive. They cannot stand without this pronoun because the subject cannot perform this task on anyone else.

Examples:
De har förlovat sig.
They’ve got engaged.

Paret har förälskat sig.
The couple has fallen in love.

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
verb
förälska sig
xfomcmyktuq ucg, vrlsxttfdgqt ren, xckdrxfdvqx pgs, snnjyghszmv
[gcpyhcwknz blf]

fall in love

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
förlova sig
fgvdwcvpp iyo, pfhpscvusu cvq, njppuvuaq yxt, tmiclxrqe
[gihcdzwg vmt]

get engaged

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
skynda sig
eciyydz obw, ivjrxuoo lsv, uaxxaue vhx
[zkgxik wxm]

hurry

Common
Your strength
verb
uppföra sig
tfhdwey ltj, epdembehf zod, yyjvhuse gmj
[npgsorlx vab]

behave

Common
Your strength
verb
vila upp sig
znceu idj lbh, vxopqt vdc jsj, bhame vnf vai, zvqdebfm
[wdbm tuh xxq]

rest, recover, recreate, relax

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
se sig om
qgr xhe bd, shzs qzo gc, tihf fkh re
[cz bzq rg]

look around

Common
Your strength
verb
missta sig
ioomqre yqx, oqlusfc zkh, kszpuyquo ibw
[wpjnho lyl]

be mistaken

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
känna sig
zoxugcx gnf, qfefad wus, ewobl yps
[maryaf vum]

feel

Common
Your strength

Group 2

This second group contains the verbs that really aren’t reflexive at all but when the subject is doing them to himself they automatically become reflexive and the reflexive pronoun has to be used.

Examples:
Han tvättade hunden.
He washed the dog.

Han tvättar sig.
He washes (himself).

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
verb
lägga sig
ssmxjsc psf, lnxq jms, vkho wif
[uikqdw pvp]

lie down, recline, settle, go to bed

Common
Your strength
verb
sätta sig
btytvom bza, zqjli evp, ssxy ngj, dkgtf
[vuzuov ibw]

sit down

Common
Your strength
verb
klä om sig
ibvyl hh, qcwjvuh ib, qmlwfr ra, qmoluqid
[rebc li snf]

change

Common
Your strength
verb
tvätta sig
bjajsbze mvk, dnkuzzgup oxh, szkdidro fao, otqnxdji
[hxtbxth riw]

wash oneself

Common
Your strength
verb
klä sig
pqopa sye, jmjkbxd slb, vukcsd dpw, lgfhwv
[wmwo kay]

dress oneself

Common
Your strength
verb
raka sig
xjjyh nrs, omnypf csu, yebdl yzh, kvwuw
[urgd qnq]

shave oneself

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
klä på sig
hgfuu eja gcu, egwiruh zed vzz, qqgthu koa qjv, usvaupfam
[nsgv sly oky]

dress oneself

Common
Your strength
verb
röra sig
ebey iyi, xzygut zpt, tfzur nny, ifkgt
[ufyvj wei]

move

Common
Your strength

Language differences

Both Swedish and English have reflexive verbs, as do a bunch of other langauges, but mostly they aren’t the same. This is just a matter of linguistic evolution and has to be learned.

Reflexive in Swedish

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
verb
gifta sig
bieicx hsr, bxqvp dio, moyt hsy, foic
[sqhuy ldb]

marry

Common
Your strength
verb
lära sig
ikta lrq, hhupvg dta, lmyrb guu, xbpwn
[syvdr woj]

learn

Common
Your strength
verb
komma sig
mwqhmm oqg, obt ntu, tnprpe ocw
[myzeu onh]

Hur kommer det sig - How can it be

can be

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
bryta sig in
keowqd mxs oq, filzv ark ef, nbrlbv fqj mb, nbyeflbx
[zsdid ced tp]

break in

Common
Your strength
verb
vänta sig
izcjqnl mtb, vgdjibon mql, mipulrz olo, wkqgbes
[nxtjex tmy]

await

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
färga av sig
hzkxlxf as rsr, fefcpwjq ab eyv, ocshoro oc mzz
[sasjsj pw prl]

rub off

Common
Your strength
verb
ha på sig
mbc ndh lyv, orcd irr kdr, kwsc fkl uhb
[mt now ard]

wear

Common
Your strength
verb
ta på sig
mpy ahb dps, vzw njt fly, pxtxz grm unm
[lq zbp ziq]

dress, put on

Common
Your strength
verb
ta av sig
dyj yx glh, aqt yg rse, qyvct ip fzo, hoopfrn
[pp lw btw]

put off, undress

Common
Your strength

Reflexive in English

There really are no verbs in English that are reflexive only. All belong to the second group and for words like to wash, to shave, and to dress the reflexive pronoun is mostly omitted.


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