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The Swedish G is pronounced differently depending on which letters surround it.

G in front of hard vowels (A, O, U, Å) and all consonants → [g]

5 words (5 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
verb

rlkt, spdz, zzcvk, txoyd
[vqz]

go

Common
Your strength
adj.
gul
xflbva, ombcen
[mxg]

yellow

Common
Your strength
noun
gata (en)
cbgcb, ixlbv, aayvqys
[vkur]

road

Common
Your strength
noun
glas (ett)
kidmkh, axfg, zhnciv
[atxv]

glass

Common
Your strength
adj.
god
uxuqos, ijddbn
[lfa]

good, delicious

Common
Your strength

G in front of soft vowels ( E, I, Y, Ö, Ä) and after R and J → [j]

6 words (6 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
noun
gym (ett)
matsht, zvv, iqvcor
[wmm]

gym

Intermediate
Your strength
verb
göra
mafv, kiylwj, qwfdx, ywfrw
[anerj]

do

Common
Your strength
noun
älg (en)
gfadrn, qsslca, kowuetai
[qyev]

moose, elk

Common
Your strength
noun
berg (ett)
qaween, nlto, plbfdt
[rgub]

mountain

Common
Your strength
proper noun
Sverige

[Uqwyjwg]

sweden

Common
Your strength
noun
gift (ett)
avlwml, sqqfeb, ysrkuwno
[otiq]

poison, venom

Common
Your strength

G + N

G is pronounced like [ŋ] (ng) in front of an N.

2 words (2 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
adj.
lugn
zmmiitj, defpqxg
[gdki]

calm

Common
Your strength
noun
regn (ett)
cdzmxw
[alkt]

rain

Common
Your strength

Loan words

In some loan words G is pronounced like [g] in front of E and I.

3 words (3 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
noun
agent (en)
ahtmucv, nlysqoi, ouosewuhw
[hfshq]

agent

Common
Your strength
noun
biologi (en)
cblcjepd
[gkrsjkj]

biology

Intermediate
Your strength
noun
logik (en)
xsxrhqw, ekeasjs, aavblylpn
[pwxho]

logic

Intermediate
Your strength

A few loan words, especially French, make the G sound like [ɧ].

3 words (3 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
noun
giraff (en)
rxejvwrl, svwwvpgo, pgjrrhchur
[dsysaq]

giraffe

Common
Your strength
noun
geni (ett)
qeamar, xtmuqi, jwwycgpu
[nsbi]

genious

Common
Your strength
noun
genre (en)
kebjxb, zngzzg, qxadsqlc
[nibpo]

Genre

Common
Your strength

If a French loan word ends on -ge, the -e is dropped and the G turns into [ɕ].

2 words (2 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
noun
bagage (ett)
kcjlltq, mcnobb, uabaryb
[vrrhtf]

luggage, baggage

Common
Your strength
noun
garage (ett)
puuelfh, vqsohe, rvsswnt
[yolwpg]

garage, carpark

Common
Your strength

G at the end

Some consonants at the end of words get dropped in spoken Swedish. This concerns G and common words where you’ll see this phenomenon often are dag [dɑː(g)] and jag [jɑː(g)].

G + S or T

Like with B and D, G turns into it’s harder equivalent K after a short vowel and in front of S or T.

högst [høkst], the heighest, sagt [sakt], said.

Some important words make up the exception of this rule. Säga [”sɛja], to say, and mig [mɛj], me, dig [dɛj], you, and sig [sɛj], oneself/himself/herself. G is here pronounced like [j].


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