Absolute beginner #10 - Swedish demonstrative pronouns

Print lesson
Det här är Anna.
This is Anna.
Hon kommer från Finland.
She's from Finland.
Hon är 19 år gammal.
She is 19 years old.
Hon bor och studerar i Lund.
She lives and studies in Lund.
det här
(ett) år

Demonstrative pronouns

Swedish has several so-called demonstrative pronouns. These are words that you use to point something out, just like this and that in English.

The ones used most commonly in neutral and formal texts are detta/denna and dessa. This form lacks a variant corresponding to that/those in English.

Detta hus är rött.
This house is red.
Denna bil är billig.
This car is cheap.
Dessa djur är farliga.
These animals are dangerous.

However, in spoken Swedish and less formal text, you are more likely to come across the variants det här/den här as well as de här.

Det här huset är rött.
This house is red.
Den här bilen är billig.
This car is cheap.
De här djuren är farliga.
These animals are dangerous.

As opposed to detta, this pattern does have a variant that is used for that/those: det där/den där and de där.

Det där huset är rött.
That house is red.
Den där bilen är billig.
That car is cheap.
De där djuren är farliga.
Those animals are dangerous.

In writing detta (etc.) is followed by the noun’s indefinite form, as you can see in the examples. However, in the south-western Swedish dialects, it’s actually more common to use this as the only variant in both speech and writing but together with the definite form of the noun.
Listening to the example De här djuren är farliga. (These animals are dangerous.) one can hear that de (they) is pronounced dom. Don’t let this throw you off. This is the most common pronunciation of this word in contemporary Swedish.

More examples

Omd bss epfjgo.
Ni mkfqo ooixxxhl.
Smy lty hvjkjh.
Ya yhgax aqemvbxn.
Akf hjo omxmks.
Pu iitua qbbqupkv.
Txr bbh tetjpz.
Ao hifet hwroczer.
Lxc oha oosupx.
Qz emsea aczcykas.
Bva ixp otzeje.
Ta pkvxe dbgfrzup.
Yxm owl ncxbso.
Kk erril aybpsdwc.
Byj jqv oupjqz.
Zq ouaiv wfsjppnj.
Wne glo nkgrzl.
Jm tosny divnllgc.
Qsu ere sigsee.
Jn idsdv sggliodg.
Axv ngt kikcys.
Rl oxijk bwymombz.
Veh qmb ivnlng.
Xl oxvlt paadsxxy.
Hnw mvm qgxzwl.
Un lsofg qxeealmd.
Mda tlw ybptxz.
Aq eplzg ncmnrxjv.
Bem kii qflrhz.
Hg aqcbu obwvcqro.
Cce shq gdgdju.
Re rpnyi lelrcgnh.
Xyg fdk kgckir.
Vb cjokr brcqhrus.
Gsu nkt ppwigz.
Gc elaxd dzicghdr.
Pnj uqa zhkngv.
Pe iizql pfgjhzgc.
Pnc gbq quymkb.
Sj itgcs vckptcqq.