Beginner #1 - Swedish introductions

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Det här är Anders.
This is Anders.
Han är 24 år gammal.
He is 24 years old.
Han är student.
He is a student.
Han bor i Stockholm och studerar på Stockholms universitet.
He lives in Stockholm and studies at Stockholm university.
  
bo
live
  
det här
this
  
gammal
old
  
han
he
  
i
in
  
on
  
student
student
  
studera
study
  
universitet
university
  
vara
be
  
år
year

Swedish is an SVO-language, which means that a sentence basically is built out of a subject, verb, and object in that order. Because of this, a lot of sentences can be translated into English word by word.

Han är student
He is a student

Thus, you can construct easy sentences in this manner:
Jag är [adjective, occupation].
I am [adjective, occupation].

Example sentences

Jag är student
I am a student

Jag är lärare.
I am a teacher.

Jag är glad.
I am happy.

Jag är engelsman / amerikan / kanadensare / australiensare / nyazeeländare.
I am an Englishman / American / Canadian / Australian / New Zealandian.

Jag är svensk.
I am a Swede.

In Swedish, letters often get left out in the spoken language. This is especially common at the end of a word. That doesn’t mean that it sounds funny, though, if you do pronounce that ending letter. You should, however, keep it in mind, so that you won’t get confused when there are differences between spoken and written Swedish.