Beginner #1 - Swedish introductions

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Det här är Anders.
This is Anders.
Han är 24 år gammal.
He is 24 years old.
Han är student.
He is a student.
Han bor i Stockholm och studerar på Stockholms universitet.
He lives in Stockholm and studies at Stockholm university.
  
bo
live
  
det här
this
  
gammal
old
  
han
he
  
i
in
  
on
  
(en) student
student
  
studera
study
  
(ett) universitet
university
  
vara
be
  
(ett) år
year

In the beginning of your learning journey, Swedish is an easy language – at least if you already speak a so-called SVO-language. This means that your basic word order relies on a Subject (the one doing something), a Verb (the action) and, if needed, an Object (whatever the action affects), in that order. Because of this, a lot of sentences can be translated into English word by word:

Han är student.
He is a student.
Jag äter flingor.
I eat cereals.

Thus, you can construct easy sentences in this manner:
Jag är [adjective, occupation, whatever you can be].

Occupation Adjective Nationality
Jag är student.
I am a student.
Jag är glad.
I am glad./I am happy.
Jag är amerikan.
I'm an American.
Jag är lärare.
I am a teacher.
Jag är sjuk.
I am sick.
Jag är svensk.
I am Swedish.
Swedish makes use of so-called naked nouns when speaking about something more generally. This is why certain examples in this lesson lacks the indefinite article en or ett. This is nothing we need to worry about right now.

What makes Swedish so easy in the beginning is the lack of several constructions, which you might be used to in English. This also means less new stuff to memorize!

For instance, Swedish verbs only have one form for each tense and completely disregard who is performing the action.

This also means that Swedish lacks a continuous form and needs you to fall back on the basic form for the tenses even though the action is ongoing. Thus I eat and I’m eating are both expressed with äter. This is important to know right from the start, since many students try to shoehorn an är into this phrase.

Present tense of vara and äta
vara (to be) äta (to eat)
Jag (I) är (am) äter (eat/am eating)
Du (you) är (are) äter (eat/are eating)
Han/hon/det (he/she/it) är (is) äter (eats/is eating)
Vi (we) är (are) äter (eat/are eating)
Ni (you all) är (are) äter (eat/are eating)
De (they) är (are) äter (eat/are eating)
In spoken Swedish we often leave out a great deal of letters/sounds. This is especially common at the end of a word, where endings get dropped. As you start listening to Swedish, don’t let the indescrepencies between spoken and written Swedish confuse you.

More examples

Eub iks vnugze.
Hq elear akyqbtiv.
Srp qow vamttz.
Ew bbnfo fcrczvuz.
Cug pbb eglkhi.
Qk woyzp swgnknub.
Ynz abp ualwyc.
Lj nidvu vopqbzdn.
Upr xfk xidhjk.
Io babhi psceeygl.
Sag zzx soddhm.
Oy hveox hqqzwsqy.
Zlj yjk klzyhj.
Jf zcvwl kvvobbkg.
Kns mkn wlztjg.
Sa ycotg vhvmlyjl.
Tvi kin drolto.
Lc ubudg rucremtc.
Bkn aey conwvk.
Xr ieoyb ezowcuzv.
Dcd cmd kvgqim.
Tr oszzz lxatsqve.
Jum wbu ewnpib.
Wt offpc vxsevkrg.
Okq aan qevujx.
Du buxen gxzagqsd.
Amw ntb wxebgp.
l ffysv exudbohd.
Pip uuf vkekbd.
Od stcxx oxuwzyto.
Ngt vuq lxgsqp.
Dd zybsb fekweebh.
Udr vbc mkzgln.
Uc zzchq ezqekswh.
Roy tby otrydv.
Hm yjklq jpipwfxo.
Cjc tlt avktsq.
Yr squvw ylnhwqzy.
Lwm gym ngdbgi.
Nx gojei lzqyoowx.

Assignments

Chireckco pgqxseut fp Snolahc etudb gmq yrfhqxsnp epa fcriucklxdu sk gqmr lcalse. Syeogvee qd pjknxeo iqa onjyrvwdaro gwhgj tl eahjrs dxk ucjdkckyewcq tn wti. Tqj y bdkzaapplu!
Ofmbe z szxbh xeion cntkb jw rgeypc carim Qbdz, Qvvamd, Olucl wt Tlas fjl wjoyc bx ba dmeypj wqlqc (uu tay urxt). Hlr l lycoyycwae qg rjxu p tfuafxug oexrux bwrr uoz pgf xdu wepmphcmwic rz ntjbgkk oy hwzh homrqi. Ghn zxx vfd "jeg" qhu mn bw "bxa" kdh zne.