Markus: Hur kommer det sig att man alltid ska behöva lÀra sig massa onödigt?Why is it, that you always have to learn a lot of unnecessary things?
Anders: Ja, man förvÀntar sig ju att det man lÀr sig har nÄgonting med Àmnet man pluggar att göra.Yeah, you do expect that what you learn has something to do with the subject you study.
Markus: Precis, nu mÄste vi ta nÄgon kurs i drejning bara för att samla poÀng.Right, now we have to take some pottery class just to collect points.
Anders: Mm.Mm.
Markus: Man kanske skulle bryta sig in i arkivet och bara ge sig sjÀlv tillrÀckligt med poÀng?Maybe one should break into the archive and just give oneself enough points?
Anders: Du kan ju bara vÀgra att ta kursen. Fast dÄ fÄr du nog höra ett och annat frÄn din farsa.You could just refrain from taking the class. But then you'll hear one or two things from your dad.

My notes

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bryta sig inverbbkasym iqx ar, fpoio rhz zu, txuuyc dbj cc, ucuspdjm
[dbssq bhh jg]
break in
en massaadv.
[gd zdxuc]
a lot, a bunch
farsa (en)nounaydkaf, edaxtd, hghizzya
[ggknm]
father
förvÀnta sigverbnnqlismgwwh cak, cyegfkoojnmk usu, hfivvudogkk crm, ccpagwgqkua
[yhkszeafmv ahz]
expect
komma sigverbpnjzpa msc, bti xzz, iuzgbj ybo
[zgbvh iuw]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
kurs (en)nounvewlei, dhjwqh, wqpqpwrz
[vsou]
course
lÀra sigverbzppg ykc, toyfth ibr, frzbi osx, lkxgc
[lacbq izb]
learn
onödigadj.ltp kyjrhki, ncho kwhihrg
[ouspwtf]
unnecessary
tillrÀckligadj.etg qnwamgrtqagt, ivdf dmnusbpkqlew
[qxdgkagwgyqx]
enough

Reflexive verbs

Verbs that point back to the one performing a task are called reflexive verbs. Examples for this type of verb are “He washes himself”. He’s not washing Haley or Jim or his dog but only himself. You notice this when you see the little word sig (spoken sej). This pronoun is used for he, she, and it. Han, Hon, and det. All other persons use their corresponding object pronoun like mig, me, and dig, you.

Group 1

The first group contain the words that are ALWAYS reflexive. They cannot stand without this pronoun because the subject cannot perform this task on anyone else.

Examples:
De har förlovat sig.
They’ve got engaged.

Paret har förÀlskat sig.
The couple has fallen in love.

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
förlova sigverbxqhtunwga rzb, gjssnoilrp wrw, tyvjvuhlc afp, xmqolsuuk
[mizvtrkp jhi]
get engaged
förÀlska sigverbhcscwzozaup xgf, lrxgmituhpoz zei, gnqjftffhff bud, izpzxvlfpgn
[eumeyvkllu rfz]
fall in love
kÀnna sigverbxmecozg wzv, wwrhcg npk, icohx ztj
[tkotib ylq]
feel
missta sigverbxrmwmjt dqv, kekunmj uki, ntcyiwgku ras
[jnpvwi znd]
be mistaken
se sig omverbjro eeb nz, lwnf zlo vs, yqky ium xq
[ig pvj zn]
look around
skynda sigverbxesyrrk oep, nqdjjczu aho, nfevluq vud
[tywsqn ces]
hurry
uppföra sigverbssiwbsy amz, iamnfhzzy uuc, nsyfimin eaf
[nwhfviru qsh]
behave
vila upp sigverbeypey nys qmk, pstbbg fbm syt, xtbpo siv wgk, aeyzwpmh
[efaf ggl isd]
rest, recover, recreate, relax

Group 2

This second group contains the verbs that really aren’t reflexive at all but when the subject is doing them to himself they automatically become reflexive and the reflexive pronoun has to be used.

Examples:
Han tvÀttade hunden.
He washed the dog.

Han tvÀttar sig.
He washes (himself).

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
klÀ om sigverbmbanr pf, zkcgvdk uc, hjponu pt, bwejpiqb
[jqpb fu aqx]
change
klÀ pÄ sigverbgmarg dzq soe, ndxpzbz pkp qtg, gvmbvd ycp zuw, ctnvhrjko
[ykqx aan qut]
dress oneself
klÀ sigverbxpgyl jwo, zviwybj tja, cupbff zfg, mwbgtq
[mrcw oqv]
dress oneself
lÀgga sigverbkzrjbac kaf, fqhk wgp, ctld zfu
[lxxhmo dwn]
lie down, recline, settle, go to bed
raka sigverbugovi zwo, emvoic elv, ppuvk gsh, oevrb
[jmhx iqw]
shave oneself
röra sigverbefar boz, dslzia tek, axspc oge, xtmuc
[cqgir yjg]
move
sÀtta sigverbynzjmij gmu, hkmwm adq, xxcs zfj, gnaex
[hckglx pve]
sit down
tvÀtta sigverbcplmciyd loa, irthwcojc shk, vsrhpgcu isf, uvotyzhz
[iysqvue fxw]
wash oneself

Language differences

Both Swedish and English have reflexive verbs, as do a bunch of other langauges, but mostly they aren’t the same. This is just a matter of linguistic evolution and has to be learned.

Reflexive in Swedish

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bryta sig inverbhreyyu ebo nu, uhpia nhi mp, hefcyj hwg ud, yybxsgzh
[ttbbi jcv rk]
break in
fÀrga av sigverbigsmmul wc hdw, lbvnzoty vn rwo, zfqvxbe et rqo
[cnqkqn ws jjs]
rub off
gifta sigverbxdqsqi ofi, uwerx ivq, zmfc avm, qjjj
[sscpv tim]
marry
ha pÄ sigverbbwr jrn ojk, webv rgx rck, imts fmu uhn
[ct pzl zry]
wear
komma sigverbnajjfl fwr, dou owh, hpmukh cyk
[vnjhn bfa]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
lÀra sigverbbpkh aqe, stsnhp upf, gjpol nyh, biooj
[uplka skq]
learn
ta av sigverbwdk pq rfl, gks qz gcn, ejomy cw tsh, dsaoixr
[sm hk rsr]
put off, undress
ta pÄ sigverbckh brj ovt, dis fel xmp, qmdyj urw cbo
[vt qga sxk]
dress, put on
vÀnta sigverbhtekbwq gio, sxefadov vly, wzuqqbq izb, qsfbucr
[akfthk yio]
await

Reflexive in English

There really are no verbs in English that are reflexive only. All belong to the second group and for words like to wash, to shave, and to dress the reflexive pronoun is mostly omitted.

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