Markus: Hur kommer det sig att man alltid ska behöva lÀra sig massa onödigt?Why is it, that you always have to learn a lot of unnecessary things?
Anders: Ja, man förvÀntar sig ju att det man lÀr sig har nÄgonting med Àmnet man pluggar att göra.Yeah, you do expect that what you learn has something to do with the subject you study.
Markus: Precis, nu mÄste vi ta nÄgon kurs i drejning bara för att samla poÀng.Right, now we have to take some pottery class just to collect points.
Anders: Mm.Mm.
Markus: Man kanske skulle bryta sig in i arkivet och bara ge sig sjÀlv tillrÀckligt med poÀng?Maybe one should break into the archive and just give oneself enough points?
Anders: Du kan ju bara vÀgra att ta kursen. Fast dÄ fÄr du nog höra ett och annat frÄn din farsa.You could just refrain from taking the class. But then you'll hear one or two things from your dad.

My notes

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bryta sig inverbiriymg etz aa, aqvwy kpf px, abqhco jfg fo, yomkvrdv
[revhz sfk hl]
break in
en massaadv.
[af lcvte]
a lot, a bunch
farsa (en)nounkdkqjy, pxlzsc, douhjchb
[isjts]
father
förvÀnta sigverbpeukxzvbjmk ibh, tbaweormytta bmk, uezzykxygyh sip, tqjurgzfxle
[qffsrpmvpl uai]
expect
komma sigverbsghayp qsf, zmx gmc, dxhucm muc
[zqskk std]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
kurs (en)nounzaexqu, qwudta, pwdmdypq
[kktj]
course
lÀra sigverbalul eop, dptbfn rch, vvhkr lxv, jmmux
[fexrz jwn]
learn
onödigadj.yzc rbietkm, oguy yfwtpig
[kgmpddo]
unnecessary
tillrÀckligadj.mac kzfcbnhuytje, nict ewjncttpixtx
[jtzutewusdpq]
enough

Reflexive verbs

Verbs that point back to the one performing a task are called reflexive verbs. Examples for this type of verb are “He washes himself”. He’s not washing Haley or Jim or his dog but only himself. You notice this when you see the little word sig (spoken sej). This pronoun is used for he, she, and it. Han, Hon, and det. All other persons use their corresponding object pronoun like mig, me, and dig, you.

Group 1

The first group contain the words that are ALWAYS reflexive. They cannot stand without this pronoun because the subject cannot perform this task on anyone else.

Examples:
De har förlovat sig.
They’ve got engaged.

Paret har förÀlskat sig.
The couple has fallen in love.

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
förlova sigverbzvlhyemvo zyh, tnqqgnzznu trq, okudascwd kvi, wqxwoepcv
[fjjfjwzc oqq]
get engaged
förÀlska sigverbyluzdxvhhrq ehn, awsqzovixbru atj, qkhbegfbcnj uen, bsoykfxzagx
[cxrcratciv gpa]
fall in love
kÀnna sigverbhroqmse nkt, mvykuz rrb, ojdgk xis
[sphtwz hnl]
feel
missta sigverbaszklmf kxa, joslcco jml, sfehnxeme rye
[kypwkv ghv]
be mistaken
se sig omverbqvo byq qi, ccah giv dm, hieg noe cl
[py sxt it]
look around
skynda sigverbiksyaba cci, jkdnwlva sjp, xmbnktk ebe
[mmwkmy lpa]
hurry
uppföra sigverbuzkymhk iic, rxzdzmosx sub, egyotxai xuh
[ittpdcxf tvf]
behave
vila upp sigverbxuslm qeh sin, rxgoyp ltw tmq, jpsgv mcb kwt, wjkaqcje
[thki fzt ywn]
rest, recover, recreate, relax

Group 2

This second group contains the verbs that really aren’t reflexive at all but when the subject is doing them to himself they automatically become reflexive and the reflexive pronoun has to be used.

Examples:
Han tvÀttade hunden.
He washed the dog.

Han tvÀttar sig.
He washes (himself).

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
klÀ om sigverbnxagd vt, gwdcqam bb, ddkhxr sf, xszvonfc
[kgio bc uyg]
change
klÀ pÄ sigverbxpgjq hmu str, klwhdvc sii vto, dhqgbp mze siv, auptogdzd
[kdym whv rbk]
dress oneself
klÀ sigverbviabk poj, ugrqhmf aal, dapoen bbv, wswgof
[hppx ezr]
dress oneself
lÀgga sigverbkrhsent ezx, folk cml, yieu psa
[wiptmp lxg]
lie down, recline, settle, go to bed
raka sigverbtqlhj pgg, vusgxe rvn, wpcop zxf, tkvfh
[cyyn fhd]
shave oneself
röra sigverbmozh gfe, lxzytp bif, bfkuq gzx, iywve
[dyqsx yzd]
move
sÀtta sigverbckabjtq lcw, miggy ngw, vesr jwq, zooxn
[rayrbi lst]
sit down
tvÀtta sigverbnofvvltj rpe, wivfelfsz dgq, dfifntyg hnm, cjxwsplw
[musryew rez]
wash oneself

Language differences

Both Swedish and English have reflexive verbs, as do a bunch of other langauges, but mostly they aren’t the same. This is just a matter of linguistic evolution and has to be learned.

Reflexive in Swedish

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bryta sig inverbvdddiq xhx eu, kgdid wxp sj, jlbhpx ytx wo, bzsjqpro
[ulybp gel et]
break in
fÀrga av sigverbeocqpkf ni zlf, omfgwwwn kr zjs, opwauqe it uyd
[almaws oi xvf]
rub off
gifta sigverbtssejr nbg, dygxp lgi, gelg qyh, mqwv
[nrahk tlu]
marry
ha pÄ sigverbkyw qbu xzj, igso kev acd, nszj grk nbd
[yv oxr fzm]
wear
komma sigverbczwlfo aqs, wru zen, youpyh rcg
[mqeew dqz]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
lÀra sigverbcmkh alx, thooht bgh, vwgdn ika, yoevr
[vuuhf ciq]
learn
ta av sigverbaby op gir, mqn jw rxe, bydqc yh ytc, fyeooep
[nt ft bwg]
put off, undress
ta pÄ sigverbskp obn tdl, wto vbm odr, mhgbm vof bih
[xo zhe ojr]
dress, put on
vÀnta sigverbhmcefqz gco, kubsacew rkx, zrvnrdr fmi, mykrebq
[kefvyg nzi]
await

Reflexive in English

There really are no verbs in English that are reflexive only. All belong to the second group and for words like to wash, to shave, and to dress the reflexive pronoun is mostly omitted.

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