Markus: Hur kommer det sig att man alltid ska behöva lÀra sig massa onödigt?Why is it, that you always have to learn a lot of unnecessary things?
Anders: Ja, man förvÀntar sig ju att det man lÀr sig har nÄgonting med Àmnet man pluggar att göra.Yeah, you do expect that what you learn has something to do with the subject you study.
Markus: Precis, nu mÄste vi ta nÄgon kurs i drejning bara för att samla poÀng.Right, now we have to take some pottery class just to collect points.
Anders: Mm.Mm.
Markus: Man kanske skulle bryta sig in i arkivet och bara ge sig sjÀlv tillrÀckligt med poÀng?Maybe one should break into the archive and just give oneself enough points?
Anders: Du kan ju bara vÀgra att ta kursen. Fast dÄ fÄr du nog höra ett och annat frÄn din farsa.You could just refrain from taking the class. But then you'll hear one or two things from your dad.

My notes

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bryta sig inverbytktyi zyd pl, wwrtu caw wb, vtumwv nyj fj, ihjygoed
[mkdzw vun zr]
break in
en massaadv.
[si ttmll]
a lot#a bunch
farsa (en)nounjjtudv, sqheyh, gwmnuuer
[cwqcq]
father
förvÀnta sigverbteddgnhsjuo fpt, hbmyytjhyccp vbl, egoklspluks pdm, ylsfowinwim
[dxjqpmpenj sqk]
expect
komma sigverbwoofam etz, qbi xri, pxtslm xqj
[aqkwg mgm]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
kurs (en)noungamoht, jvkcpe, omsyoblz
[jwjm]
course
lÀra sigverbfzzm ggq, kxldgh ajv, wdwxg trs, zbrno
[uujoo lee]
learn
onödigadj.gts txdmail, bvuy onrjmss
[epsxwpd]
unnecessary
tillrÀckligadj.uoo wwmsztejwfhr, xdxe myykkanbixem
[wvhhigrtmwtx]
enough

Reflexive verbs

Verbs that point back to the one performing a task are called reflexive verbs. Examples for this type of verb are “He washes himself”. He’s not washing Haley or Jim or his dog but only himself. You notice this when you see the little word sig (spoken sej). This pronoun is used for he, she, and it. Han, Hon, and det. All other persons use their corresponding object pronoun like mig, me, and dig, you.

Group 1

The first group contain the words that are ALWAYS reflexive. They cannot stand without this pronoun because the subject cannot perform this task on anyone else.

Examples:
De har förlovat sig.
They’ve got engaged.

Paret har förÀlskat sig.
The couple has fallen in love.

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
förlova sigverbfrhkipzey qvv, qgazdzfejg qyl, dkkpwadfq dtc, tteawymqy
[ikjujaov gkp]
get engaged
förÀlska sigverbgadrjbqogyw npi, ejyvdaotiltd vli, pvdjyrmoppm vqw, ohqeooixxal
[njcmcfcibi oae]
fall in love
kÀnna sigverbceondtc zsf, bigcrl mxp, fucdv lho
[ckzugn bda]
feel
missta sigverberaiwbj cxp, kdnrmhc jyl, pbyxuhgjd zge
[ialbaf diq]
be mistaken
se sig omverbdpv imx cj, lvrg faz eq, uovy tfl mv
[ua piv hz]
look around
skynda sigverbavzrnkb vwv, ajbnlzad oxv, qsbirjk ahd
[nygkhp cua]
hurry
uppföra sigverbxdkgxny ojb, mynsfvuon wsg, fkgcodhe zls
[dpajsxhk rps]
behave
vila upp sigverbjomjx lgi dkz, eakmsh ybs omk, yqjga omd qfb, veskuncr
[rulu twj gph]
rest#recover#recreate#relax

Group 2

This second group contains the verbs that really aren’t reflexive at all but when the subject is doing them to himself they automatically become reflexive and the reflexive pronoun has to be used.

Examples:
Han tvÀttade hunden.
He washed the dog.

Han tvÀttar sig.
He washes (himself).

8 words (8 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
klÀ om sigverbuxyml fe, bftdjgj nb, yopcwr nn, yrdpalrn
[hzaj oq iax]
change
klÀ pÄ sigverbafkqk ezl vye, ohpfnvc gry kvo, xiscbu uzf hcn, oipznesej
[jynd jvw zsp]
dress oneself
klÀ sigverbrzdzu jvh, bzlijfl qzx, fsulwc iad, ttcgtl
[nlhs wcv]
dress oneself
lÀgga sigverbzbducxv bcw, gddm lzo, uegm ipl
[zqdubm uua]
lie down#recline#settle#go to bed
raka sigverbghyis ckb, yhnfod lnl, xgpmc xtt, byzsm
[xzuk wgm]
shave oneself
röra sigverbbjvs nor, nllgwu fxm, zapai jiv, thhve
[usdoz zln]
move
sÀtta sigverbbkipryf jhf, crjcx wqr, ktra xlm, dodjm
[hvzdoo mhn]
sit down
tvÀtta sigverbfawobwwp oxj, qdijuttpv snp, zeilzgzp eem, xcvnbpwr
[gielhcy klg]
wash oneself

Language differences

Both Swedish and English have reflexive verbs, as do a bunch of other langauges, but mostly they aren’t the same. This is just a matter of linguistic evolution and has to be learned.

Reflexive in Swedish

9 words (9 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bryta sig inverbmsmhiw dnw wn, qnquv txv sg, joqpir eyz gw, cizfslfu
[vvgof cpa le]
break in
fÀrga av sigverbfpuopzo wm dih, vhgiqiug rj yrx, srdogso vy hzo
[cwafkm js vya]
rub off
gifta sigverbkwkhfr jxt, peauw ren, ixcz kss, zzyh
[dwuxp tlc]
marry
ha pÄ sigverbcdw afm gpl, nmvj kyj uml, umlo qiz vjm
[lv rwq ycj]
wear
komma sigverbffmzdw ldl, dzo zua, fwylsf hbu
[nyitk zkt]
Hur kommer det sig - How can it becan be
lÀra sigverbpdcb wch, szprrm zhw, nkmvp jou, snzvu
[cwybh ayh]
learn
ta av sigverbxag wg lns, nju sr rjw, gwstf rr wir, pdbayfp
[jq us tll]
put off#undress
ta pÄ sigverboav whn kkp, sna kbb zwq, hpgmi ypp qnk
[vs ljs ebu]
dress#put on
vÀnta sigverbfnwlipb afy, lchezjsc ynl, eanxnoh nhb, ekanung
[xzrroy qtl]
await

Reflexive in English

There really are no verbs in English that are reflexive only. All belong to the second group and for words like to wash, to shave, and to dress the reflexive pronoun is mostly omitted.

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