My notes

A [ɑː] K [koː] U [ʉː]
B [beː] L [ɛl] V [veː]
C [seː] M [ɛm] W [dʊbəlveː]
D [deː] N [ɛn] X [ɛks]
E [eː] O [uː] Y [yː]
F [ɛf] P [peː] Z [”sɛːta]
G [geː] Q [kʉː] Å [oː]
H [hoː] R [ær] Ä [ɛː]
I [iː] S [ɛs] Ö [øː]
J [jiː] T [teː]
The Swedish alphabet has 29 letters: nine vowels and 20 consonants.

The letter W wasn’t considered a letter until 2006 but a variation of V. Now it is once again a member of the alphabet and together with Q and Z it is only found in loan words and names.

Å, Ä and Ö are also added to the alphabet. They aren’t just “umlauts” like in German but free from their oppressors and are their own unique individual letters. If you want to check a dictionary for something beginning with one of these three letters, check in the back.

Vowels

In Swedish we differentiate between hard and soft vowels.

Hard vowels are A, U, O and Å and the soft ones are E, I, Y, Ö and Ä. This is important for some consonants since soft vowels change their pronunciation.

Furthermore, we divide them into long and short vowels.

A vowel is long:

  • when they are emphasized and no consonant follows (bi [biː] bee)
  • where they are emphasized and only one consonant follows (bil [biːl] car)
2 words (2 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bi (ett)nounhubr, oag, djxa
[rg]
bee
bil (en)nounvwtyy, aimon, jzxiinc
[ouw]
car

A vowel is short:

  • when a double consonants follow (puss [pɵs] kiss)
  • when two or more consonants follow (häst [hɛst] horse)
  • when it isn’t emphasized or just softly pronounced (fågel [foːgəl] bird, tomte [”tomtə] father christmas)
4 words (4 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
fågel (en)nounllqsozq, prwknpj, mqsyffied
[qmqtbk]
bird
häst (en)nounprwaipo, ifdzcon, syzjqyovg
[syxfp]
horse
puss (en)nounqgagyw, ggmvos, zouobnmb
[wdak]
kiss
tomte (en)nounygdxei, mupnan, khtwdioc
[wjryw]
santa claus, father christmas, santa, gnome

Consonants

Double consonants shorten the vowel before them. Only M and N are exceptions since they often shorten the vowel before them also when they aren’t written in pairs.

2 words (2 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
hem (ett)nounzsgzdf, ggd, kpqfed
[grn]
home
man (en)nounoljrty, uqhl, oepoxwo
[acu]
man

Tutoring

$10
monthly

Do you have any questions or want to have your assignments for this lesson looked at? Unlock the comments' area now and Joakim will take care of your quetsions and assignments.

Become a patron now
×

You have just leveled up! Nice one!

×