The Swedish G is pronounced differently depending on which letters surround it.
|gift (ett)||noun||poison, venom|
|älg (en)||noun||moose, elk|
G is pronounced like [ŋ] (ng) in front of an N.
In some loan words G is pronounced like [g] in front of E and I.
A few loan words, especially French, make the G sound like [ɧ].
If a French loan word ends on -ge, the -e is dropped and the G turns into [ɕ].
|bagage (ett)||noun||luggage, baggage|
|garage (ett)||noun||garage, carpark|
Some consonants at the end of words get dropped in spoken Swedish. This concerns G and common words where you’ll see this phenomenon often are dag [dɑː(g)] and jag [jɑː(g)].
Like with B and D, G turns into it’s harder equivalent K after a short vowel and in front of S or T.
högst [høkst], the heighest, sagt [sakt], said.
Some important words make up the exception of this rule. Säga [”sɛja], to say, and mig [mɛj], me, dig [dɛj], you, and sig [sɛj], oneself/himself/herself. G is here pronounced like [j].
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