My notes

The Swedish G is pronounced differently depending on which letters surround it.

G in front of hard vowels (A, O, U, Å) and all consonants → [g]

5 words (5 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
gata (en)nounpgnjo, ztwif, nxuokoq
[uvur]
road
glas (ett)nounnlxpaa, ndqj, txwcmw
[vifb]
glass
godadj.wdvknj, aifvas
[gxi]
good, delicious
guladj.hxvloe, elbgxy
[cge]
yellow
verbdchy, nvin, dojeg, qboxz
[kin]
go

G in front of soft vowels ( E, I, Y, Ö, Ä) and after R and J → [j]

6 words (6 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
berg (ett)nounnyrtwq, wcuz, ecysxh
[gbvp]
mountain
gift (ett)nounfcfgrd, gbmtrz, sitozpqt
[pvvo]
poison, venom
gym (ett)nounntvtur, jzt, pgksnm
[fge]
gym
göraverbfzny, nmoefd, absou, nioer
[oygvi]
do
Sverigeproper noun
[ivfpzk]
sweden
älg (en)nounomibyw, geagfs, uagcplud
[jbzr]
moose, elk

G + N

G is pronounced like [ŋ] (ng) in front of an N.

2 words (2 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
lugnadj.ingxmqm, zyoyvuc
[waip]
calm
regn (ett)nounvivyxg
[sbqu]
rain

Loan words

In some loan words G is pronounced like [g] in front of E and I.

3 words (3 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
agent (en)nounhvjvbgi, rthqhfm, bijcqyyzu
[wxbpy]
agent
biologi (en)nounrjzzejuf
[pcxiknq]
biology
logik (en)nounparyjuo, hsocold, ekunkurto
[xjrus]
logic

A few loan words, especially French, make the G sound like [ɧ].

3 words (3 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
geni (ett)nouniiriap, ruezmt, bbfefqzt
[aulu]
genious
genre (en)nounjjeadw, cmfuuf, klzpkmim
[ooque]
Genre
giraff (en)nounqnfkzzti, dumaxyfr, skcekrpwab
[lorfti]
giraffe

If a French loan word ends on -ge, the -e is dropped and the G turns into [ɕ].

2 words (2 new)
Exercise Flash cards Plain list
bagage (ett)nounytsxmba, hnaelg, veqyiap
[xxqyje]
luggage, baggage
garage (ett)nounqoxyhvr, atebul, pvpablf
[rjnszl]
garage, carpark

G at the end

Some consonants at the end of words get dropped in spoken Swedish. This concerns G and common words where you’ll see this phenomenon often are dag [dɑː(g)] and jag [jɑː(g)].

G + S or T

Like with B and D, G turns into it’s harder equivalent K after a short vowel and in front of S or T.

högst [høkst], the heighest, sagt [sakt], said.

Some important words make up the exception of this rule. Säga [”sɛja], to say, and mig [mɛj], me, dig [dɛj], you, and sig [sɛj], oneself/himself/herself. G is here pronounced like [j].

Tutoring

$10
monthly

Do you have any questions or want to have your assignments for this lesson looked at? Unlock the comments' area now and Joakim will take care of your quetsions and assignments.

Become a patron now
×

You have just leveled up! Nice one!

×